Sunday, 24 October 2021

Free Halloween Addition and Subtraction

Are you looking for some addition and subtraction practice pages?

I love using the holidays as a way to engage students in practicing their math skills. Halloween is my favourite holiday so of course I want to bring it into the classroom.

These printable Halloween worksheets allow students to practice 4-digit addition and subtraction skills and at the same time decode a fun Halloween riddle.

All the equations have regrouping in them. The first page focuses on 4-digit addition and the second page focuses on 4-digit subtraction. 

I have also included the answer keys to make marking easy for you. Often times, I will even have students mark their own work using the answer keys. Win win for everyone. You get more time to work with students and students feel important for getting to use the answer key.

Are you ready to download the FREE worksheets?

No need to go anywhere else. Just click the button below and you will instantly have the Halloween worksheets to print. 


Looking for More Halloween Activities?

If your students are as obsessed with Boom cards as mine are you will want to check out my latest Halloween Boom cards which focus on one step equations for addition and subtraction.

These let me students practice adding and subtracting facts to 20 as they find the unknown number in the equations. 

Do your students need more practice with multiplication facts? These Ghoulish Multiplication centers are an exciting way to practice multiplication facts!

Included are 2 different math centers using the colourful eyeballs. 


Cheers & Happy Halloween,




Sunday, 17 October 2021

Oil Pastel Printmaking Art Project

Oil Pastel Art Lessons for 3rd - 6th Grade

Oil pastels are one of the art supplies I love using to teach students about blending colors. They also make excellent supplies for printmaking.

If you get a good quality oil pastel, that does not dry too quickly, your students can be in awe when they transfer the pastel to another page. This art lesson is based on just that --- printmaking and color choice.

Images to Use

For this post I will be using the Indigenous prints my students completed but you can do this with any images that have a mix of bold black areas and thinner lines as are in these examples. 


One year I did this and my students loved it so much they wanted to make a print for Father's Day. They found images that their dad would like and I printed the image for them to do. We framed them with Dollar store frames and sent them home. 

Really the possibilities are endless. 

I cannot share with you these images because of copyright. However, you can get images from a quick Google search that you can use for personal projects.

Time Needed to Complete

We usually end up working on this for 2-3, 45 minute art periods. I tell my students I would rather they take their time and do a good job than to rush it. 

Few art supplies needed.

I'm not exaggerating when I say you need only a few supplies to complete these prints. Here is what you need:

  • oil pastels (I prefer 1 box/student but they can share if need be)
  • 1 blank 8.5x11 piece of paper per student (I use regular blank paper. Nothing fancy)
  • pencil (not too sharp but not too dull)
  • print out of the designs you are wanting to use
  • stapler and staples
  • colored paper, card stock, or construction paper for background frame

Step By Step Instructions

1.) Print off the images you want your students to use. Make sure the image does not go all the way to the edge of a 8.5 x 11 piece of paper. 
2.) Have students pick their image and then turn the paper over and draw a ring around the outside of the shape. Explain to students that they are to only put oil pastels inside that ring. This stops oil pastel from unnecessarily transferring to the other paper when they are working. 

3.) Students will now put a thick layer of oil pastel on the back of their image. Have them continue to add color onside the ringed shape until NO WHITE is showing. If there is white it will not transfer when doing the printmaking. 
4.) Once students have completed their color blocking, staple a clear white piece of paper to the back of their image page. I staple very closely to the edge and I do all 4 corners. This will keep the image in place as they are working. 

5.) Now it is time for the print transfer. Students should use a pencil that is not too sharp (it may poke a hole in paper) but also not too dull. They will begin in one area and pressing firmly, color over the image with their pencil. I tell them to do small sections at a time and to make sure they color over EVERY part of the black part of their image. We talk about outlining the section they are coloring so the print on the other paper has crisp edge lines. 

You can see in these next 2 pictures the difference between crisp outlines and "scratchy" outlines. 

6.) Once all sections of the black image is complete (Watch for those small detail sections. They are easy to miss) carefully remove the staples and take off the black image paper. I then have students create a color block of pastel on that paper and place it on the printmaking page to write their name.

7.) Students then pick a colored piece of paper to create a frame. I have them glue their image in the middle of the colored paper and then I trim with a  paper cutter if needed. 

More Student Examples




Creating the Bulletin Board Display

When I make the bulletin board display I add signs that tell about each animal. We go over these before students choose their image. If you are using different images for the printmaking, you would skip adding these signs. 

Other Ideas:

If you feel your students need some practice with the oil pastel printmaking before they start a bigger project like this one, have them practice with their initial. I print off their initials using different fonts. They get so excited to see their initials in fancy colors. 

Students can write a story or poem about their image and this can be added to the bulletin board. 

Share your projects

I would love to see how your students did and celebrate their art work. Share on social media and tag me (@terristeachingtreasures) so I can comment on your students masterpieces. 


If you want to save this for later, here is a picture for Pinterest.











Cheers,


Monday, 20 September 2021

Random Student Partners for Full Participation

Putting students into groups or partners can be a tricky thing. We all know that who a student works with makes all the difference in how successful an activity will be. 

Many times teachers (and I was/am guilty of this too) put students together based on abilities. The students know who is the "smart" one and who is not the smart one and both resent the pairing. Right away they are not happy with the partnership and this is no way to get the best work from them.

I remember reading a book (I can't remember the name) about student engagement in the classroom. It talked about how if students perceive that groupings or partnerships are completely random then they are more comfortable with working with others. No longer do they need to worry that they are being partnered with so and so because they are not a very good reader or not good at math. Now they can focus more on the task. 


As soon as I read this I told myself that I would not partner students up based purely on abilities again if I could help it. 

Here is where Partner Cards (keep reading for FREE partner cards) make an entrance in my teaching practice. The best part is my students LOVE them.

When it is time to partner students up (and I don't want them to pick their partners -- which you should let them do from time to time) I pull out the partner cards and watch the excitement happen!
Each student gets a card and they have to find their classmate who has the matching card. This will be their partner. Now students don't have to worry that I assigned them a partner based on their abilities. 


It also saves me time from having to match students up beforehand. I call this a win-win situation!


Do you have an odd number of students?

If your classroom has an odd number of students there is an easy solution. Give yourself a partner card. One of your students will be your partner for a quick moment. For that student I do 1 of 2 things.

  1. Let them pick any partnering to make a group of 3.
  2. I assign them to a specific group that I think they may work well with. This can be based on academic needs or behaviors. If this is what I am going to do, I usually give the student a choice of 2 groups to work with. This way they still have some say in it.

Do you want to randomly put your students into groups of 3 or 4?

All you need to do to create random groups of 3 or 4 is to print of more partner cards. Instead of printing 2 pages of the same card.... print 3 or 4.

I highly suggest you keep these separate from your other partner cards and clearly label that they are for groups of 3 or 4.


Teacher Tip:

You can create your own partner cards using academic topics if you have the time. 

  1. Write a math equation on one car and the answer on the other. Students have to find their match. 
  2. Put letters, numbers, sight words on each card and they find the peer with the same thing.
  3. Write a science or social studies question on one card and the answer on the other.

A Resource For You:

To get you started with partner cards I have created a downloadable PDF with 2 sets of partner cards for you to print and use when you get back in the classroom. 
Partner Cards for matching students up.

Each set has 30 cards in them. This should cover most class sizes. The pdf also has more tips on how to fully utilize partner cards.



Here is an image to pin for later or to share with your friends!











Cheers,



Monday, 6 September 2021

Residential School Picture Books for Grades 2-5

Teaching students about the history of Canadian Residential Schools is necessary but can lead to some very heavy conversations. I have found the best way to do this is through the use of picture books. 
It can be difficult to know which books are appropriate for children so I have compiled a list of 14 picture books I feel are appropriate for elementary school students. 

The list below is in order from younger audience to older audience. This is just my opinion and you may think differently. That is ok! Even though the first few books talk about younger students and have simpler language they provide rich class discussions for students in Grades 2-5.

Keep reading for a set of FREE printable activities to do with any of the picture books mentioned below. 

I have used all of these in my classroom as part of lessons on Residential schools and Orange Shirts day. They are also kept in my picture book bins all year long so that students have access to them for more than just Orange Shirt Day. The ones with the * beside them are my favourites to use. If you are looking to start your own collection, I would start with these ones first. 

When We Were Alone by David A. Robertson & Julie Flett
*Tyson's New Orange Shirt by Bianca Bell & Lynda Dobbin-Turner
Stolen Words by Melanie Florence
*Phyllis's Orange Shirt by Phyllis Webstad
*When I was Eight by Christy Jordan-Fenton & Margaret Pokiak-Fenton
Not My Girl by Christy Jordan-Fenton & Margaret Pokiak-Fenton
*Kookums Red Shoes by Peter Eyvindson
Shi-shi-etko by Nicole I. Campbell
Shin-chi's Canoe by Nicola I. Campbell
"Mush-hole" Memories of a Residential School by Maddie Harper (has the word "ass" in it one time)
*I am Not a Number by Jenny Kay Dupuis & Kathy Kacer
*Fatty Legs by Christy Jordan-Fenton & Margaret Pokiak-Fenton

~Please note that the links above are affiliate links. This means that if you purchase one of the books, I get a few cents. It does not change the price you pay for the books. If you prefer not to use the affiliate link you can search for the books on your own.


FREE Activities for Grades 2-5

To go along with the picture books, I have created some free printable activities for you to use with your students. 

I have used these activities with my students and I am always impressed with their deep thinking and reflecting skills. 
The first 3 activities can be used with any picture books about Residential Schools. They are all just print and go activities because I know your time is precious.

The final 2 activities are to be used with the book Shi-shi-etko by Nicole I. Campbell. 
All of these pages are in one file. To get your copy, click the image below.
Cheers,





Wednesday, 1 September 2021

Must Haves For Teaching Math

Math is so much easier to teach (and to learn) when you have resources to use. I am a firm believer that learning math is best done with hands on activities and lessons, rather than just doing worksheets.

Don't get me wrong, I think worksheets provide valuable practice but there has to be more than just worksheets. 

I am going to share with you my must haves for anyone teaching math and why I think you should have them in your math class. 

These are not in any particular order (because I think they are all important) and I realize that there are way more things you could have in your classroom but these are my top 15 must haves if I was forced to pick.

1.) Whiteboards

I think I use mini whiteboards in my classroom more anything else and they are perfect for Math. We use them during whole class lessons and during small group time. 

When I am doing a whole class lesson I don't want just 1 or 2 students involved, I want them all. The best way I have found this is to give everyone a whiteboard (with marker and eraser) and have them answer questions along with the student coming up to show what they know. 

I give a lot of time for all students to work through a problem before I call someone up to answer. This is time I wander around to see how everyone is doing on their whiteboard. 

Students are more apt to take risks on a whiteboard because it is not permanent. Their work (and with some, insecurities) can easily be wiped away.

2.) Counters

Some people think counters are only use in K-2 classrooms but we use them for so many things. 

They are great for looking at fractions, ratios, graphing, arrays, making equal groups when multiplying/dividing, & addition/subtraction if that is the strategy a student prefers.
These are examples of some of the ones I use. 

We have even used them during small group time to review even and odd numbers. I have students grab a container and decide if there is an even or odd number in them. They love to challenge each other and see how many containers they can do before we have to move on. 

Different items to use as counters is something I am always keeping an eye open for. Everything from buttons, animal shapes, jewels, and keys, to seasonal shapes. 
Here is the label for the containers that I use to store them in. Dollar stores are great for containers and counter items.

3.) Two Color Counters

Two color counters can be used for all the things above but I particularly like to use them for probability and when first learning about arrays in multiplication. 

If the equation is 6x4 I will have students use one color to build the array with 6 rows and then use the other color to build it with 4 rows. They can easily see that the answer is the same but that there are 2 different arrays they can use.

4.) Base Ten Blocks

Base Ten blocks are likely the most important resource to have when teaching students about place value up to 10 000. 

They are instrumental in students understanding how to trade when regrouping and to see that a number can be represented in more than one way.

For instance, to show 2 345 you they can use 2 thousand blocks and 3 hundreds blocks or they can use 1 thousands block and 13 hundreds blocks. 

I also use them when teaching decimals.


5.) Number Lines

I always have copies of different number lines ready to go because we use them for many different concepts/skills. 

Students use them as a tool to help with addition and subtraction if they need it. We use them for fractions, elapse time, skip counting, negative numbers(older grades), etc.
If you would like some FREE number line templates here they are!
Included are 19 different number lines.
  • a variety of lines from 0-10 to 0-100
  • fraction lines from 1/2 to 1/10
  • negative numbers -20 to 20
  • a variety of blank ones for you or your students to fill in however you need them!

6.) Hundreds Charts

Just like number lines I have a variety of hundreds charts printed/laminated for my students to use if they like. 

I have a giant pocket chart one displayed in my classroom, as well as the smaller printed ones. 
Hundreds charts are great for teaching number sense, place value, skip counting, rounding, even/odd numbers, etc.

Some people think hundreds charts are only for 1st and 2nd graders but I am here to tell you they are not. Especially if you make charts for numbers higher such as an 800s chart or a 900s chart.


I even put hundreds (and 500s, 600s, 700s...) charts in my math centers. You can read all about that here and get a free chart to get you started!


7.) Dice

This may be my #1 must have. You can never have too many dice in your classroom. 6-sided, 10-sided, 12-sided, 20-sided, or any sided. They are ALL so useful. 

Throw in some operational dice and you have an endless supply of math games!

If you are just getting started with dice in your classroom here is are 3 FREE worksheet activities that you can use with your class. I use them with 20-sided and 10-sided dice but you can use any dice and have students fill in numbers based on their dice roll. For the subtraction page I remind students that the greatest number has to go on the top. 

8.) Cards

I recommend having a good supply of cards in your classroom. Students use decks of cards to play math games such as war and crib. They also use them to build numbers for place value and addition, subtraction, multiplication activities. 

When learning about integers and playing math games with cards, the red cards can represent negative numbers. 

Save the decks that don't have all the cards! When we are using cards in activities that don't require a full deck of cards, like building umbers, students can use incomplete decks. I have these decks clearly marked as incomplete so they don't get mixed in with the full sets. 

I have found the best place to get cards is at the dollar store or by asking friends if they have extras at home they are willing to donate. 

9.) Dominoes

I use dominoes much like I use cards in my classroom and expand the concepts to fractions. 

For fractions, dominoes make instant fractions for students to draw, order, compare, say to a partner. 

I also have students use dominoes to build numbers to add or subtract. If I want them to calculate a 4 digit number they will pick 4 dominoes and line them up. The top numbers create the top number in the equation and the bottom numbers on the dominoes create the bottom number of the equation. For subtraction I again have to remind my students that the number at the top has to be the greater number. 

When I am purchasing dominoes I try and find the double-12 sets so students have larger numbers to deal with. Just like cards, keep all random dominoes because they don't need them as a set. 

10.) Snap Cubes

Whether you have/call them snap cubes, unifix cubes, interlocking cubes, linking cubes, etc. we use them all the same.

In my classroom we use them most when exploring fractions or area and perimeter. For fractions, students can get 2 different colors and build a variety of different fractions with them. For area and perimeter, I have students build a shape and then decide what the area and perimeter is for that shape. They also love building shapes and seeing if their partner can find the area and perimeter.

Snap cubes can also be used to create patterns, used as counters when adding or subtracting, as well as to make arrays for multiplication and division. 

11.) Page Protectors

I cannot imaging teaching math without the use of page protectors. If I have activities that I want my students to complete for a math center but I want to reuse the page, I simply slide it into a page protector and have students use dry erase markers to write on the page protector. When they are done showing me or a partner their work, it is easily erased and ready for the next student.


I use them a lot with my small math groups to slide math work mats and graphic organizers into. The organizers can be store in the page protectors and put in binders for easy access. 

If I have printed off a math game, such as Bump, and I don't have time to laminate … into a page protector they go.

I have found the box of them at Costco are the best quality (erase cleanly when written on with dry erase marker) and the best price. If I can't get them at Costco then I get these ones from Amazon. 

12.) Bingo Chips

The more Bingo chips the better. I keep a bucket of Bingo chips close by my small group table so we have quick access to them when learning about patterns, even & odd, and fractions of a set. 

Just like counters I get students to grab a handful of Bingo chips and decide if they have an odd or even number. This is a super simple activity to have them do if you need to grab a few more things for your lesson or you finish a few minutes early. 

If you have your students play Bump math games then you know that Bingo chips are ideal. I prefer the transparent chips for Bump games but I don't get too picky.

If there is anything else you find useful to teach math I would love for you to leave a comment and share it with us all.

Cheers,




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